Der Streit um die an Kashmir angrenzende Region nimmt immer bedrohlichere Formen an. Indische Soldaten im Einsatz in der Region. Pakistanische Aktivisten verbrennen eine indische Flagge. Anfang August hat Indien den Sonderstatus der von beiden Ländern beanspruchten. Die Gesamtfläche Kaschmirs beläuft sich auf rund km². Der indische Teil teilt sich in die Unionsterritorien Ladakh und Jammu und Kashmir mit zwei.
Innerstaatliche KonflikteDas Unionsgebiet von Jammu und Kaschmir ist ein großartiges Reiseziel. Das malerische und bezaubernde Kaschmir liegt hoch oben im üppig grünen. Die Gesamtfläche Kaschmirs beläuft sich auf rund km². Der indische Teil teilt sich in die Unionsterritorien Ladakh und Jammu und Kashmir mit zwei. Der Streit um die an Kashmir angrenzende Region nimmt immer bedrohlichere Formen an. Indische Soldaten im Einsatz in der Region.
Kashmir Indien What does it mean? VideoBeauty of KASHMIR - The Heaven on Earth Kashmir, the Heaven on Earth, is a natural paradise brimming with magnificent mountains, enchanting valleys and mesmerising lakes. The lakes in Kashmir are recognised across the globe for their. The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict over the Kashmir region, primarily between India and Pakistan, with China playing a third-party role. The conflict started after the partition of India in as both India and Pakistan claimed the entirety of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. Jammu and Kashmir was a region formerly administered by India as a state from to , constituting the southern and southeastern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India, Pakistan and China since the midth century. Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian hippestkid.com the midth century, the term "Kashmir" denoted only the Kashmir Valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal Range. About Kashmir The valley of Kashmir is as rich with history and political controversy as it is with culture and natural phenomena. Sample exquisitely spiced native cuisines and festive teas, then walk off your meal along the rugged trekking routes to the north. NooraniJinnah ended up squandering his leverage. Amanullah Khan moved to England and Die Feuerzangenbowle Download Kostenlos NLF was renamed Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front JKLF. Date unknown. Sources:     . Another such alleged massacre occurred on 6 January in the town of Sopore. Biological Conservation. Large numbers of Hindus and Sikhs from Rawalpindi and Sialkot started arriving in Marchbringing "harrowing One Piece Tube Legal of Muslim Vikings 5 Staffel. Peace time: cease-fire agreements and the durability of peace. Felix Klare Jason KlareAkkusauger from the People's Republic of China and India clashed in territory claimed by both. The temperate zone between 1,—3, m is referred as the Chir Pine Finns longifolia. High altitude lakes are frequent Rellinger Tv high elevations. Die Gesamtfläche Kaschmirs beläuft sich auf rund km². Der indische Teil teilt sich in die Unionsterritorien Ladakh und Jammu und Kashmir mit zwei. Die indische Verfassung räumte Jammu und Kashmir unter den indischen Bundesstaaten eine. Das Unionsgebiet von Jammu und Kaschmir ist ein großartiges Reiseziel. Das malerische und bezaubernde Kaschmir liegt hoch oben im üppig grünen. Pakistanische Aktivisten verbrennen eine indische Flagge. Anfang August hat Indien den Sonderstatus der von beiden Ländern beanspruchten. Due to rising insurgency and Islamic militancy in the Kashmir Valley, Wildschütz Garmisch Pandits were forced to flee the valley. Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies suggested that a Commonwealth force be stationed in Kashmir; that a joint Indo-Pakistani force be Meg White in Kashmir and the plebiscite administrator be entitled to raise local troops while the plebiscite would be held. Burning Series Supernatural Lake. The Pakistani government calls these insurgents "Kashmiri freedom fighters", and claims that it provides them only moral and diplomatic support, although India  believes they are Pakistan-supported terrorists from Pakistan Administered Kashmir.
Mr Modi also cancelled a scheduled visit to the Pakistani capital, Islamabad, for a regional summit in Since then, there hasn't been any progress in talks between the neighbours.
The bloody summer of street protests in Indian-administered Kashmir in had already dimmed hopes for a lasting peace in the region.
Then, in June , the state government there was upended when Mr Modi's BJP pulled out of a coalition government run by Ms Mufti's People's Democratic Party.
The deaths of more than 40 Indian soldiers in a suicide attack on 14 February, have ended any hope of a thaw in the immediate future.
India blamed Pakistan-based militant groups for the violence - the deadliest targeting Indian soldiers in Kashmir since the insurgency began three decades ago.
Following the bombing, India said it would take "all possible diplomatic steps" to isolate Pakistan from the international community.
On 26 February, it launched air strikes in Pakistani territory which it said targeted militant bases.
Pakistan denied the raids had caused major damage or casualties but promised to respond, fuelling fears of confrontation.
A day later it said it had shot down two Indian Air Force jets in its airspace, and captured a fighter pilot - who was later returned unharmed to India.
India's parliament has now passed a bill splitting Indian-administered Kashmir into two territories governed directly by Delhi: Jammu and Kashmir, and remote, mountainous Ladakh.
China, which shares a disputed border with India in Ladakh, has objected to the reorganisation and accused Delhi of undermining its territorial sovereignty.
Pakistan's Prime Minister Imran Khan has vowed to challenge India's actions at the UN security council, and take the matter to the International Criminal Court.
In an ominous warning, he said: "If the world does not act today Further information: Rape in the Kashmir conflict. Main article: Human rights abuses in Azad Kashmir.
India portal Pakistan portal. The Government of India could have easily accepted the accession and said, 'All right, we accept your accession and we shall render this help.
He was insistent that the Government could not send its forces at the request of the Maharaja "although he wanted to accede to India," unless the accession was endorsed by the people of Kashmir Sheikh Abduallah who was listening to the debate from an anteroom scribbled a note for Nehru requesting him to send the army to save Kashmir from the invaders.
My Life and Times. Allied Publishers Limited. On the battlefield, the National Conference volunteers were working shoulder-to-shoulder with the Indian army to drive out the invaders Sheikh Abdullah was not in favor of India seeking the UN intervention because he was sure the Indian army could free the entire State of the invaders.
It looks as if he may now have lost his chance. Graham's recommendation, Pakistan once more accepted and India once more refused Graham met the Indian request for retaining in Kashmir 21, men, but continued to propose 6, soldiers on the Azad side.
Pakistan could not accept the first provision and India continued to insist on its stand concerning the Azad forces. The meeting, which ended in failure, was accompanied by bitter comments in the newspapers of both India and Pakistan about United Nations intervention in the Kashmir dispute.
The Security Council did not deal with either of these arguments [India's assumption of the legal validity of the accession and Pakistan's refusal to recognize its validity].
Nor did it consider the possibility of asking the International Court of Justice for an advisory opinion on the juridical aspect of the conflict under Article 96 of the Charter.
Nor did it invoke any provisions of Chapter VII of the Charter, which deals with 'acts of aggression'. Ankit , p.
Any prestige I may previously have had with my Government has of course been largely lost by my having insisted that they should make a reference to the United Nations with the assurance that they would get a square deal there.
Pakistan's Relations with India: — Indian leaders Pakistan's resentment Alleged talk of 'holy war' or Jehad referred to the disputed territory of Kashmir.
But in India, leaders, press and even scholars had no hesitation in expressing the hope of undoing the partition and thus annihilating Pakistan.
Choudhury, Golam Most of those quotations related to the period after the signing of the Liaquat-Nehru Agreement of April 8, under which India and Pakistan undertook not to permit propaganda in either country The government of Pakistan initiated twenty-seven complaints of flagrant violation of the Agreement by a number of influential Indian newspapers, but no effective action was taken by the Indian government, the plea being that its scope for action was limited by the India constitution.
The Pakistan government pointed out that, if this were the position, the government of India should not have undertaken an international obligations which it was not in a position to carry out.
The government of India made only eight complaints about alleged violation of the Agreement. Liaquat drew attention to the continuous and blatant propaganda for war against Pakistan, and indeed for the very liquidation of Pakistan, carried on by the Indian press, prominent leaders and political parties which openly adopted as an article of creed the undoing of partition.
No doubt there had been talk of Jehad or liberation of the Muslim population of Kashmir in Pakistan but Pakistan's grievances have always been confined to Kashmir which It was wrong to construe expressions giving vent to feelings of frustration over the failure of peaceful methods of solution in Kashmir as a desire for war against India.
But, in India, the creation of Pakistan itself is still regarded as a tragic mistake which ought to be corrected. Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru, Second series, Vol.
This is against us completely. I am not referring to Pakistan which has grown madly hysterical. If this hysteria continued, it would inevitably produce reactions in Kashmir among the pro-Pakistani elements and their sympathisers.
The result would be no period of quiet at all and constant trouble. But for some kind of an agreement between us and Pakistan, the matter would inevitably have been raised in the U.
All this again would have kept the agitation alive and made it grow. In the circumstances, this is a good statement and helps us in trying to get a quieter atmosphere Altaf Gauhar 24 October Ayub Khan: Pakistan's first military ruler.
Oxford University Press. Pakistan fell into that trap. The New York Times found that "most of the prisoners captured thus far do not speak the Kashmiri dialect.
They speak Punjabi and other dialects. The Washington Post remarked: "The Moslem Pakistanis, led by President Ayub, had expected the infiltrators to be able to produce a general uprising and this is Ayub's first disappointment.
Once again, it seemed clear that whatever the state of their relationship with India, Kashmiris did not wish to embrace Pakistan.
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Retrieved 27 September Peace time: cease-fire agreements and the durability of peace. Princeton University Press. Defeat is an Orphan: How Pakistan Lost the Great South Asian War.
Kashmir: Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace. Harvard University Press. Rowen eds. Christine January , "The Militant Challenge in Pakistan" , Asia Policy , 11 : —, doi : Hindu Rulers, Muslim Subjects: Islam, Rights, and the History of Kashmir.
Rizvi, Gowher , "India, Pakistan and the Kashmir Problem" , in Raju G. Thomas ed. In Raju G. Perspectives on Kashmir: the roots of conflict in South Asia.
Westview Press. Zutshi, Chitralekha , Languages of Belonging: Islam, Regional Identity, and the Making of Kashmir , C. Pre-independence history Drew, Federic.
The Northern Barrier of India: a popular account of the Jammoo and Kashmir Territories with Illustrations. Partition and post-independence Hussain, Shahla.
Kashmir in the Aftermath of Partition. Cambridge University Press. Webb, Matthew J. Kashmir's right to secede: A critical examination of contemporary theories of secession.
Routledge, Howard B. Schaffer Chester Bowles: New Dealer in the Cold War. Bradnock, Robert W Heymann, Karen Int'l L. Malik, Iftikhar H.
Malik, Iftikhar H The Round Table. Contemporary South Asia. Garner, George Terrorism and Political Violence. Reflections on a Negotiated Settlement.
Keynote speech delivered at the "Global Discourse on Kashmir Younghusband, Francis and Molyneux, E. Black, London. Victoria Schofield, Kashmir in the Crossfire , I.
Tauris, London. Rosedog Books, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania USA. The UN Security Council Resolution on Kashmir Capt Samarth Singh.
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Kashmir Valley. Banihal Pass Zojila Burzil Pass Sinthan top Margan Top. Sind Valley Lidder Valley Lolab Valley Betaab Valley.
Srinagar Anantnag Baramulla. Akingam Achabal Pulwama Budgam Ganderbal Shopian Bandipore Kulgam Downtown Nowshera Gurez Pattan Kangan Hazratbal Awantipora Tral Qazigund Kokernag Shangus Bijbehara Doru Pahalgam Pattan Uri Kreeri Boniyar Tangmarg Sopore Rafaiabad Karnah Kupwara Lolab Handwara Langate Charari Sharief Beerwah Chadoora Bagh e Mehtab Sumbal Sonawari Quimoh Pahloo D.
Pora Soura Buchpora Jawahar Nagar Srinagar Rajbagh Bemina Maisuma Karan Nagar Indira Nagar, Srinagar Hazratbal Lal Chowk Sonwar Bagh Nowhatta Hazratbal Shalimar Bagh, Srinagar Lal Bazar Zukura Munawar Abad Badami Bagh Nowshera, Srinagar Singhpora Magam Kokernag Daksum Sinthan top.
Jehlum Sind Lidder Neelum Veshaw Rambi Ara. Kolhoi Glacier Machoi Glacier. Anchar Lake Dal Lake Nigeen Lake Manasbal Lake Wular Lake Vishansar Lake Krishansar Lake Gangabal Lake Gadsar Lake Sheshnag Lake Tarsar Lake Nundkol Lake Satsar Lake Kausar Nag Brari Nambal Khushal Sar Gil Sar Khanpursar.
Harmukh Kolhoi Peak Machoi Peak Amarnath Peak Sirbal Peak Tatakooti Peak Sunset Peak Mahadev. Pahalgam Sonamarg Yusmarg Gulmarg Aharbal Nishat Bagh Shalimar Bagh Chashme Shahi Verinag Kokernag Naseem Bagh.
Dachigam Hokersar Hirpora Overa-Aru Rajparian Gulmarg. History of Kashmir Kashmir conflict The Valley Of Kashmir book Line of Control Jammu—Baramulla line Kashmiri language.
Kashmir conflict. Pahalgam, India. Gulmarg, India. Sonmarg, India. Sonamarg, India. Aru Valley, India.
Anantnag, India. Harwan, India. Essential Kashmir. Go rest. A mix of the charming, modern, and tried and true.
The Vintage Gulmarg. Akbar Group Of Heritage Houseboats. Ahsan Mount Resort. The Muslim-majority region will be broken up into two federal territories Union territories on Thursday, as part of a sweeping move to tighten its grip over the restive region that is at the heart of more than 70 years of hostility with Pakistan.
The two regions will be administered by two lieutenant governors Girish Chandra Murmu and Radha Krishna Mathur respectively.
They will report to the Indian home secretary based in New Delhi. The union territory of Jammu and Kashmir will have two divisions; Kashmir Valley and Jammu, an area of over 42, square kilometres 16, square miles with a population of The vast territory of Ladakh, also known as the cold desert, spread over 59,sq km 22,sq miles and comprising two districts of Kargil and Leh, houses a tiny population of , Out of this, Muslims make up , The sparsely inhabited Ladakh region and beyond is home to Tibetan peoples who practice Buddhism and speak Balti and Ladakhi.
According to legend , an ascetic named Kashyapa reclaimed the land now comprising Kashmir from a vast lake. That land came to be known as Kashyapamar and, later, Kashmir.
Buddhism was introduced by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century bce , and from the 9th to the 12th century ce the region appears to have achieved considerable prominence as a centre of Hindu culture.
A succession of Hindu dynasties ruled Kashmir until , when it came under Muslim rule. The Muslim period lasted nearly five centuries, ending when Kashmir was annexed to the Sikh kingdom of the Punjab in and then to the Dogra kingdom of Jammu in The state thus formed part of a complex political buffer zone interposed by the British between their Indian empire and the empires of Russia and China to the north.
For Gulab Singh, confirmation of title to these mountain territories marked the culmination of almost a quarter century of campaigning and diplomatic negotiation among the petty hill kingdoms along the northern borderlands of the Sikh empire of the Punjab.
Archived from the original on 8 March Retrieved 22 January The Arts and South Asia. Harvard South Asia Institute. Retrieved 30 January — via Issuu.
Bose, Sugata ; Jalal, Ayesha , Modern South Asia: History, Culture, Political Economy , London and New York: Routledge, 2nd edition.
Brown, Judith M. Routledge, Pp. Metcalf, Barbara ; Metcalf, Thomas R. Ramusack, Barbara , The Indian Princes and their States The New Cambridge History of India , Cambridge and London: Cambridge University Press.
Talbot, Ian; Singh, Gurharpal , The Partition of India , Cambridge University Press. Blank, Jonah. Drew, Federic. The Northern Barrier of India: a popular account of the Jammoo and Kashmir Territories with Illustrations ; 1st edition: Edward Stanford, London.
Evans, Alexander. Why Peace Won't Come to Kashmir, Current History Vol , No April p. Hussain, Ijaz. Irfani, Suroosh, ed "Fifty Years of the Kashmir Dispute": Based on the proceedings of the International Seminar held at Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu and Kashmir 24—25 August University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, AJK, Joshi, Manoj Lost Rebellion: Kashmir in the Nineties Penguin, New Delhi, Khan, L.
Ali The Kashmir Dispute: A Plan for Regional Cooperation 31 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, 31, p. Knight, E. Where Three Empires Meet: A Narrative of Recent Travel in: Kashmir, Western Tibet, Gilgit, and the adjoining countries.
Longmans, Green, and Co. Reprint: Ch'eng Wen Publishing Company, Taipei. Knight, William, Henry. Diary of a Pedestrian in Cashmere and Thibet.
Richard Bentley, London. Reprint Asian Educational Services, New Delhi. Köchler, Hans. The Kashmir Problem between Law and Realpolitik. Reflections on a Negotiated Settlement.
Keynote speech delivered at the "Global Discourse on Kashmir Moorcroft, William and Trebeck, George. Travels in the Himalayan Provinces of Hindustan and the Panjab; in Ladakh and Kashmir, in Peshawar, Kabul, Kunduz, and Bokhara Reprint: New Delhi, Sagar Publications, Neve, Arthur.
Date unknown. Civil and Military Gazette, Ltd. Stein, M. London, A. Reprint, Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass, Younghusband, Francis and Molyneux, Edward Black, London.
Norelli-Bachelet, Patrizia. Kashmir and the Convergence of Time Space and Destiny by Patrizia Norelli Bachelet Archived 28 September at the Wayback Machine Muhammad Ayub.
Pittsburgh: Rosedog Books, Azad Kashmir topics. Capital: Muzaffarabad. History of Kashmir History of Azad Kashmir Dynasties of ancient Kashmir Sayyid Dynasty Mughal Empire Durrani Empire Sikh Empire.
British East India Company Princely state of Jammu and Kashmir Poonch jagir British Raj Kashmir Committee agitation Partition of India Poonch Rebellion First Kashmir War Kashmir conflict Timeline of the Kashmir conflict Indo-Pakistani wars Line of Control Shaksgam tract Simla Agreement Kashmir insurgency Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front Hizbul Mujahideen Kashmir Solidarity Day Kashmir earthquake.
Karachi Agreement Presidents Prime Ministers Ministry of Kashmir Affairs Legislative Assembly Flag Anthem Seal. Kashmiris List Language Cuisine Music Literature Ethnic groups of Azad Kashmir Diaspora Kashmiriyat.
Districts Cities Pothohar Plateau Poonch River Neelum River Chicken's Neck Pakistan Line of Control. Bhimber Kotli Mirpur Muzaffarabad Hattian Bala Neelam Poonch Haveli Bagh Sudhanoti.
Muzaffarabad Mirpur Rawalakot Bagh Kotli. Mangla Dam Remittances to Azad Kashmir Japan International Cooperation Agency. Quaid-e-Azam Stadium Bagh stadium.
Mughal Road Human rights abuses UN mediation of Kashmir. Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Capital: Srinagar Summer ; Jammu Winter.
History of Kashmir Kashyapa Rajatarangini Kambojas Lalitaditya Muktapida Didda Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent Zain-ul-Abidin Shah Mir dynasty Durrani Empire Mughal Empire Dogra Empire Sikh Empire East India Company Gulab Singh Zorawar Singh Jamwal Indian Rebellion of British Raj Kashmir Committee Partition of India Hari Singh Kashmir conflict Indo-Pakistani wars and conflicts Insurgency Darbar Move Exodus of Kashmiri Hindus.
Kashmiriyat Music Cuisine Kashmiri Hindu festivals Wazwan Kanger Shikara Pashmina Basohli painting Hinduism Kashmir Shaivism Sikhism Islam Alchi Vaishno Devi Amarnath Gulmarg Pahalgam Sonamarg Verinag Wangath Temple complex Yusmarg Zanskar Forts National parks Lakes.
Kathua Jammu Samba Udhampur Reasi Rajouri Poonch Doda Ramban Kishtwar. Anantnag Kulgam Pulwama Shopian Badgam Srinagar Ganderbal Bandipore Baramulla Kupwara.
Srinagar Jammu Anantnag Baramulla Pulwama Kupwara Budgam Ganderbal Shopian Bandipore Kulgam Doda Poonch Rajouri Ramban Reasi Samba Udhampur Kathua Kishtwar.
Akingam Achabal Pulwama Budgam Ganderbal Shopian Bandipore Kulgam Downtown Nowshera Gurez Pattan Kangan Hazratbal Awantipora Tral Qazigund Kokernag Shangus Bijbehara Doru Pahalgam Pattan Uri Kreeri Boniyar Tangmarg Sopore Rafiabad Karnah Kupwara Lolab Handwara Langate Charari Sharief Beerwah Chadoora Bagh e Mehtab Sumbal Sonawari Quimoh Pahloo Damhal Hanji Pora Soura Buchpora Jawahar Nagar Srinagar Rajbagh Bemina Maisuma Karan Nagar Indira Nagar, Srinagar Lal Chowk Sonwar Bagh Nowhatta Shalimar Bagh, Srinagar Lal Bazar Jukura Munawar Abad Badami Bagh Nowshera, Srinagar Singhpora Magam Daksum Sinthan top.
Padgampora Iskander Pora Mazhom Rathsoon Botingoo Fatehpora Durhama Hanjiwera Hardu-Aboora Kreeri Ladoora Ogmuna Seeloo Zazun Wakura Nawabagh Ratnipora Ichgam.
Jammu Kashmir. Jalandhar—Jammu line Jammu—Baramulla line Jammu—Poonch line Srinagar railway station Jammu Tawi railway station Udhampur railway station Qazigund railway station Sadura railway station Anantnag railway station Budgam railway station Baramulla railway station Pampore railway station Kakapora railway station Mazhom railway station Banihal railway station Bijbehara railway station Pattan railway station Sopore railway station Awantipora railway station Katra railway station Power stations.Seit dem 5. Umgeben von Berggipfeln, üppig grünen Tälern, glitzernden Seen, Tempeln Edgar Wallace Schauspieler spektakulären Gärten aus der Mogul-Ära, hat es über Jahrhunderte hinweg Dichter und Denker inspiriert. Artikel verbessern Neuen Die Mächtigen Drei anlegen Autorenportal Hilfe Letzte Änderungen Kontakt Spenden. Obwohl die Pahari-Sprachen eher dem Nepali nahestehen, werden sie in offiziellen Statistiken als Dialekte der Nationalsprache Hindi gezählt.